VARIETY Best soil temp for germ  X" apart Optimum Germination Month Days to Germination Days to Maturity Direct seed in garden Sow transplant seeds pH Bradford's Average Soil Temps basis for "Optimum Germination Month" - historic data from FAWN and the McLenny collection station 
 Bean, lima  85 degrees F 8 July & August  7 to 10 days 55-60 5.5 - 7.0 Jan 60
 Bean, snap  75 to 80 degrees F 6 May & June  7 days 48-50 6.0 - 7.0 Feb 58
 Beet  75 degrees F 4 October  7 to 14 days 55-70 4 weeks before March 15 5.6 - 6.6 March 65
 Broccoli  65 to 75 degrees F 18 October & November  5 to 10 days 90-110 from plants 6 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0 April 70
 Brussels sprout  68 to 75 degrees F 18 October & November  5 to 10 days 80-115 from plants 6 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0 May 77
 Cabbage  68 to 75 degrees F 12 October & November  5 to 10 days 65-120 from plants 6 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 8.0 June 76
 Cantaloupe  80 to 85 degrees F 48 June & July  5 to 10 days 80-90 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0 July 84
 Carrot  75 degrees F 3 October  12 to 15 days 120-150 4 weeks before March 15 5.5 - 7.0 August 82
 Cauliflower  65 to 75 degrees F 18 October, March & April  5 to 10 days 90-110 from plants 6 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0 September 81
 Celery  70 to 75 degrees F 6 October, April, May  10 to 14 days 90 from plants 10 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0 October 74
 Collard  70 to 75 degrees F 6 October  5 to 10 days 80-90 6.0 - 7.0 November 63
 Corn  75 to 85 degrees F 12 May, June, July, August  7-10 days 65-95 5.5 - 7.5 December 56
 Cucumber  70 to 85 degrees F 18 April  7 to 10 days 60-75 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 7.0 Hardiness Zone = 8-9 (8b)
 Eggplant  75 to 85 degrees F 18 May, June, July, August  10 to 12 days 80-90 from plants 8 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 6.4 Last Frost Date March 15
 Endive  70 to 75 degrees F 8 October  10 to 14 days 50-60 4 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0 First Frost Date November 15
 Kale  70 to 75 degrees F 12 October  5 to 10 days 50-60 5 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0 Most vegetables require a soil pH of about 6.3 to 7.0
 Kohlrabi  70 to 75 degrees F 8 October  5 to 10 days 50-60 5 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0 Most crops need 1" of rain a week -- corn needs 2"
 Lettuce  65 to 70 degrees F 4-6 March, April, October, November  7 to 10 days 40-90 2 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0
 Melon  80 to 85 degrees F 48 July, August & September  5 to 10 days 85-95 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.0
 Mustard Greens  70 degrees F 6 October & April  5 to 10 days 35-45 5 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0
 Okra  80 to 85 degrees F 18 July, August & September 7 to 14 days 60-70 6.0 - 8.0
 Onion, bulbing  70 to 75 degrees F 4 October  10 to 14 days 90-150 from sets 6 weeks before March 15 (sets) 12 weeks before planting in garden 5.0 - 7.0
 Onion, bunching  60 to 70 degrees F 4 March, April, October, November  10 to 14 days 50-60 5.0 - 7.0
 Parsnip 70 degrees F 4 October & April  14 to 21 days 150 5.0 - 7.0
 Snap or Snow Pea  65 to 70 degrees F 4-8 March, April, October, November  7 to 14 days 60-70 5.5 - 7.0
 Pepper  78 to 85 degrees F 18 May, June, July, August  10 to 14 days 80 from plants 8 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 8.0
 Pumpkin  70 to 75 degrees F 60 October & April  7 to 10 days 100-120 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 7.5
 Radish  65 to 70 degrees F 2 March, April, October, November  5 to 7 days 30 4 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.0
 Rutabaga  65 to 70 degrees F 8 March, April, October, November  7 to 15 days 80-90 5.5 - 7.0
 Spinach  70 degrees F  4 October & April  7 to 14 days 40-50 5 weeks before March 15 6.0 - 7.5
 Spinach, New Zealand  75 degrees F 18 May  10 to 15 days
 Squash, Summer  75 to 85 degrees F 48 May, June, July, August  7 to 14 days 50-60 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 6.0 - 7.5
 Squash, Winter  75 to 80 degrees F 48 May, June, July, August  7 to 14 days 85-110 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 7.0
 Swiss Chard  70 to 75 degrees F 6 October  7 to 14 days 50-60 2 weeks before March 15 5.0 - 7.0
 Tomato  75 to 80 degrees F 18 May & June  7 to 14 days 75 from plants 8 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 7.5
 Turnip  65 to 70 degrees F 4 March, April, October, November  7 to 14 days 45-75 5 weeks before March 15 5.0 - 7.0
 Watermelon  75 to 85 degrees F 96 May, June, July, August  7 to 14 days 85-95 from plants 3 weeks before planting in garden 5.5 - 6.4